Most electrical and electronics installers and repairers obtain specialized training at a technical college. Gaining voluntary certification is common and can be useful for getting a job.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers have to understand electrical equipment and electronics to get a job.
Employers often prefer to hire applicants who have taken courses in electronics at a community college or technical school, but having a high school diploma may be enough for some jobs. Entry-level repairers may begin by working with experienced technicians, who provide technical guidance, and work independently after developing their skills.
Various organizations offer certification. For example, the Electronics Technicians Association International (ETA) offers more than 50 certification programs in numerous electronics specialties for various levels of competence. The International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians also offers certification for several levels of competence. The organization focuses on a broad range of topics, including basic electronics, electronic systems, and appliance service. To become certified, applicants must meet prerequisites and pass a comprehensive exam.
Color vision. Workers need to identify the color-coded components that are often used in electronic equipment.
Communication skills. Field technicians work closely with customers, so they must listen to understand customers’ problems and explain solutions in a simple, clear manner.
Technical skills. Workers use a variety of tools to install or repair equipment.
Troubleshooting skills. Electrical equipment and systems often involve intricate parts. Workers must be able to identify malfunctions and make the necessary repairs.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition